Trends in Assessment: Ideas, Opportunities, and Issues for Higher Education
Trends in Assessment: Ideas, Opportunities, and Issues for Higher Education offers information, strategies, and resources on emerging and future assessment ideas and opportunities in a range of areas. It concludes with a series of chapters focusing on assessment’s future, including 10 enduring and emerging meta-trends in assessment. This book draws on contributions to the Assessment Institute in Indianapolis, the nation’s oldest and largest higher education event of its type. Also represented are the numerous organizational partners of the Assessment Institute. Trends in Assessment is co-edited by Stephen P. Hundley and Susan Kahn from IUPUI.
Resources for Trends in Assessment: Ideas, Opportunities, and Issues for Higher Education
Updated October 2019
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Listing of and Links to Chapter-specific Resources
- Resources for Movement Afoot: Fostering Discourse on Assessment Scholarship
- Resources for Becoming More HIP: Assessment Trends in High-Impact Learning Practices and Student Success
- Resources for Evolving Practices in the Development and Assessment of Global Learning
- Resources for Assessing Community Engagement
- Resources for Understanding Students Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow: Trends in Student Affairs Assessment
- Resources for STEM Education and Assessment: Evolving Through Evidence
- Resources for Assessment at the Highest Degree(s): Trends in Graduate and Professional Education
- Resources for Measuring Faculty Learning: Trends in the Assessment of Faculty Development
- Resources for Transforming Assessment, Assessing Transformation: ePortfolio Assessment Trends
- Resources for Lots of Assessment, Little Improvement? How to Fix the Broken System
- Resources for Using Assessment Trends in Planning, Decision-Making, and Improvement
- Resources for Meta-Trends in Assessment: Perspectives, Analyses, and Future Directions
Additional resources from the topics discussed in the NILOA chapter can be found here: www.learningoutcomesassessment.org.
Background/ Scholarly literature
- AAC&U provides a helpful reading list on the benefits of HIPs. These can be beneficial not only for learning about the assessment of HIPs but also in program development: https://www.aacu.org/hips/2019/recommended-readings
- The attached webinar features Jennifer Keup, Tia Brown McNair, Matthew Mayhew, and Jillian Kinzie discussing the development and benefits of HIPs. This link also includes a reading list: https://higheredlive.com/high-impact-practices/
- George Kuh, Ken O’Donnell, and Carol Geary Schneider reflected on the growth in HIPs after the concept was initially introduced in 2006 and reflected on the ongoing “headwinds” prohibiting further expansion. These “headwinds” included a lack of information in institutional data systems, which make assessment difficult. A permanent link to the article can be found here: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00091383.2017.1366805
- In their most recent “Lessons From the Field”, NSSE highlighted some of the many ways institutions used NSSE to examine the effects of HIPS on student engagement and learning. The document can be found here: http://nsse.indiana.edu/pdf/LFF_4.pdf
IUPUI HIP Taxonomies
- IUPUI developed several taxonomies to aid in the development and improvement of courses and experiences that include a HIP: https://rise.iupui.edu/resources/course-development/taxonomies/index.html
- AAC&U published an article on the process of developing the taxonomies, which can be found here: https://www.aacu.org/campus-model/high-impact-taxonomies-designing-faculty-development-tools-iupui
IUPUI Institute for Engaged Learning website
- The IUPUI Institute for Engaged Learning was recently develop to encourage student participation in HIPS and assist faculty in integrating HIPs in their courses. More information can be found here: https://getengaged.iupui.edu/
Collecting data on HIPs
- One of the trends we noticed in our chapter was a variety of methods for tracking participation in HIPs. Ethan Kolek wrote about the challenges of using self-report data in studies on the effect of service learning, which highlights why self-report may not be the most accurate way to track participation. A permanent link to the article can be found here: https://journals.sfu.ca/iarslce/index.php/journal/article/view/23/17
- Finally, Steven Graunke, Michele Hansen, and Tom Hahn recently presented on the different methods for collecting data on HIP participation and how good data and assessment can be used to bring HIPs to scale. The presentation can be found here: https://irds.iupui.edu/_documents/reports-presentations/conference-presentations/inair/2019%20-%20HIP%20to%20Good%20Data%20-%20IRs%20Role%20in%20Scaling%20High%20Impact%20Practices.pdf
- What is VALUE? https://www.aacu.org/value
- Download a VALUE Rubric https://www.aacu.org/value-rubrics
- Global Learning VALUE Rubric https://www.aacu.org/value/rubrics/global
- A Decade of VALUE Issue of Peer Review https://www.aacu.org/peerreview/2018/Fall
- Engaging Global Challenges Issue Diversity & Democracy https://www.aacu.org/diversitydemocracy/2015/summer
- Essential Global Learning https://www.aacu.org/publications-research/publications/essential-global-learning
Taken from the Assessment Section of the ACE Internationalization Toolkit, https://www.acenet.edu/Research-Insights/Pages/Internationalization/Internationalization-Toolkit.aspx
Global Learning Assessments (non-institution based)
- AAC&U Intercultural Knowledge VALUE Rubric
- AAC&U’s VALUE rubrics were developed by teams of faculty experts representing colleges and universities across the U.S. through a process that examined many existing campus rubrics and related documents for each learning outcome and incorporated additional feedback from faculty. The “Intercultural Knowledge” VALUE rubric articulates learning outcomes related to cultural self-awareness, knowledge of cultural worldview frameworks, empathy, communication, curiosity, and openness.
- Global Competence Aptitude Assessment (GCAA)
- The GCAA provides targeted metrics for the global knowledge, attitudes, and people skills necessary for effectiveness in the global economy and society. Administered on-line, the instrument is scored immediately and provides real-time individual reports and group aggregate data upon a study completion.
- Global Perspective Inventory (GPI)
- The Global Perspective Inventory (GPI) reflects a global and holistic view of student learning and development and the importance of the campus environment in fostering holistic student development. The GPI measures how a student thinks, views herself as a person with a cultural heritage, and relates to others from other cultures, backgrounds and values.
- Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI)
- The Intercultural Development Inventory® (IDI®) assesses intercultural competence—the capability to shift cultural perspective and appropriately adapt behavior to cultural differences and commonalities. The Intercultural Development Inventory is a 50-item questionnaire, available online and in a paper-and-pencil format that can be completed in 15–20 minutes.
- The American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI)
- The ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview, or OPI, assesses how well a person speaks a foreign language. It is a live 30-45-minute conversation, taking place over the phone, between a trained, certified ACTFL tester. The procedure is standardized in order to assess global speaking ability, measuring language production holistically by determining patterns of strengths and weaknesses.
- The Beliefs, Events, and Values Inventory (BEVI)
- The Beliefs, Events, and Values Inventory (BEVI) is designed to help individuals 1) understand better what they believe and value about themselves, others, and the world at large and 2) reflect upon how such beliefs and values may - or may not - be conducive to learning, personal growth, relationships, and the pursuit of life goals.
- The National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) Optional "Global Learning" Module
- NSSE’s Global Learning module assesses student experiences and coursework that emphasize global affairs, world cultures, nationalities, religions, and other international topics. The module is appended to and complements items on the core NSSE questionnaire about student experiences with people from different backgrounds, course emphasis on integrative and reflective learning, and participation in study abroad.
- S. Department of Education: Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) Tracking Report
- In 2015, the Department of Education's International and Foreign Language Education (IFLE) office released a report that tracked the post-graduate career trajectories of former Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) fellows. The study tracked former FLAS fellows who graduated in 2010, 2011, and 2012.
The information provided below is meant to support our reader in finding more resources or information about assessing community engagement, as well as to help them find other organizations that can support them in strengthening their practices when it comes to assessing the variety of practices, outcomes, outputs, and impacts that occur when campus and community connect.
Instruments, Tools, & Measures
We encourage our reader to explore just a couple examples of the hundreds of research scales, rubrics, and other measures that have been developed to assess students’ learning or other outcomes when they engage in and with community. For more, detailed information about this area of assessment, please visit this knowledge hub on assessing civic learning outcomes, https://compact.org/resource-posts/assessment-of-students-civic-learning-and-development/
- Developed by IUPUI>, The Civic Minded Graduate
- Rubric, https://iu.box.com/shared/static/vu7ejgr4m2evbpylbqwdfvojcxprpx4v.pdf
- Research scale, https://iu.box.com/shared/static/73cwzpqze9ndrfrzieo4xieot4l7iet9.pdf
- Prompts for interviews, focus groups, etc., https://iu.box.com/shared/static/xez8esy1yrpjsn8yz82mcw19in46eelz.pdf
- More information https://csl.iupui.edu/teaching-research/tools-instruments/graduate/index.html
- AAC&U Civic Engagement VALUE Rubric, https://www.aacu.org/civic-engagement-value-rubric
- ETS HEIghten® Civic Competency & Engagement Assessment, https://www.ets.org/heighten/about/civic_competency_and_engagement/
- Civic Knowledge Rubric, a national collaboration hosted by the Massachusetts Department of Higher Education, see https://civiclearningrubric.files.wordpress.com/2016/02/civicknowledgerubric.pdf
Here are some resources that help you assess the quality (or qualities) of a teaching/learning intervention, course, or program that connects campus with community.
- IUPUI’s Taxonomy on Service-Learning, https://iu.box.com/shared/static/cau236pz98wirqvg165lyieknrt9wxfx.pdf
- Duquesne University’s Community Engaged Learning Model, https://iu.box.com/shared/static/cau236pz98wirqvg165lyieknrt9wxfx.pdf
- Duke University’s Service-Learning Check-List, https://servicelearning.duke.edu/sites/servicelearning.duke.edu/files/file-attachments/syllabusreviewchecklist-2013.original.pdf
- The PRELOAD Rubric, https://discovery.indstate.edu/jcehe/index.php/joce/article/downloadSuppFile/460/335
OR it as a peer-reviewed journal article (with log-in) https://discovery.indstate.edu/jcehe/index.php/joce/article/view/460
There are many, many things to consider when one wants to assess or explore campus-community partnerships (e.g., reciprocity, trust, rapport, aspects of social network analysis, outputs [number of volunteers, hours of volunteers, etc.], impact on community issues like literacy, obesity, and public health education). Below we have outlined a choice few from the hundreds of tools one may wish to explore partnerships.
- IUPUI’s S.O.F.A.R. Model for organizing community-campus partnerships, https://csl.iupui.edu/teaching-research/tools-instruments/sofar/index.html
- From Portland State, A Guide to Reciprocal Community-Campus Partnerships, https://csl.iupui.edu/teaching-research/tools-instruments/sofar/index.html
- Virginia Commonwealth University’s Service-Learning Community Partner Impact Assessment Report, (pp. 29-37 include the tools or protocols they utilized), https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/community_resources/75/
Below we have outlined a choice few examples from the dozes of questionnaires and protocols that can be used and adapted to inform your efforts to understand a myriad of perceptions the community may have about working with your students, faculty, or “the campus” broadly.
- The Optimal College Town Assessment (OCTA) tool, https://www.collegetownassessment.com/
- Stakeholders Questionnaire- Community Partnerships, http://depts.washington.edu/ccph/pdf_files/El%20Ansari%20Partnership%20Questionnaire.pdf
- Multiple forms to ask community for feedback, Community-Campus Partnerships for Health, https://depts.washington.edu/ccph/pdf_files/tools-partner.pdf
Below are examples of how IUPUI has engaged in institutional research projects to gain a better understanding, and in turn strengthen or inform its practices, in community engagement. These are offered below as one way to inform what your organization can learn through assessment, evaluation, and tracking or monitoring practices that look internally. Additionally we provided some self-assessment rubrics below that will help you understand the degree to which community engagement is institutionalize or normalized across all or parts of your campus. More and more rubrics or self-assessments are being developed to understanding how pervasive engagement with community occurs across some aspect of higher education. For more, detailed information about this area of assessment, please visit this “knowledge hub” regarding this topic, https://compact.org/resource-posts/institutional-assessment/
From IUPUI’s Office of Community Engagement, reports from institutional research projects, https://scholarworks.iupui.edu/handle/1805/14076
- Indiana Campus Compact’s Rubric for Institutional Planning, http://indianacampuscompact.org/wp-content/uploads/large/sites/17/2015/08/Institutional-Assessment-Rubric-Updated-2013.pdf
- The National Assessment for Service and Community Engagement, https://www.brown.edu/swearer/nasce
- Self-Assessment Rubric for the Institutionalization of Service-Learning in Higher Education, https://digitalcommons.unomaha.edu/slceslgen/127/
- Self-Assessment Rubric for the Institutionalization of Community Engagement in Academic Departments, https://www.pdx.edu/sites/www.pdx.edu.cae/files/Engaged%20Department%20RUBRIC%20-%20Kecskes%202009-paginated.pdf
- Building Capacity for Community Engagement: Institutional Self-Assessment, https://ccph.memberclicks.net/assets/Documents/FocusAreas/self-assessment.pdf
Professional Development Workshops, Customized Trainings, and More
- Best Practices in Assessing Community Engagement (BPACE)- a catalogue of professional development opportunities for you to join (for free or a fee), learn more here: https://indianacampuscompact.org/bpace-catalog/
- Request a “Customized Training” for a group on your campus, facilitated by Indiana Campus Compact, learn more here: https://indianacampuscompact.org/events-6/customizedasstnc/.
Publications & Journals (open-access or otherwise)
Please know that many of the discipline-specific journals have, at some point, published an article regarding (at the very least) the pedagogical practice of service-learning. Yet there is also a very good chance that they have published something utilizing community-engaged research methodologies or similar (i.e. action research, participatory action research). Below are some interdisciplinary outlets for publishing about your engaged scholarship:
- Campus Compact & Stylus Publishing, https://styluspub.presswarehouse.com/client/CCO
- Gateways: International Journal of Community Research and Engagement, https://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/journals/index.php/ijcre
- The Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies, https://pubs.lib.umn.edu/index.php/ijps
- International Journal of Research on Service Learning and Community Engagement, http://journals.sfu.ca/iarslce/index.php/journal/index
- Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, http://openjournals.libs.uga.edu/index.php/jheoe/index
- Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship, http://jces.ua.edu/
- Journal of Community Engagement in Higher Education, https://discovery.indstate.edu/jcehe/index.php/joce/index
- Journal of Service-Learning in Higher Education, http://journals.sfu.ca/jslhe/index.php/jslhe
- Metropolitan University Journal, https://www.cumuonline.org/metropolitan-universities-journal/
- Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, https://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/mjcsl/
- Partnerships: A Journal of Service-Learning and Civic Engagement, http://libjournal.uncg.edu/prt/index
- Science Education and Civic Engagement, http://new.seceij.net/
Organizations or Associations
- AASC&U, American Democracy Project, https://www.aascu.org/programs/ADP/
- APLU Initiative on Economic Development & Community Engagement, https://www.aplu.org/projects-and-initiatives/economic-development-and-community-engagement/
- Bringing Theory to Practice, https://www.bttop.org/
- Campus Compact, https://compact.org
- with many regional or state affiliates, https://compact.org/who-we-are/our-coalition/state-regional-compacts/
- Coalition of Urban and Metropolitan Universities, https://www.cumuonline.org/
- Community-Campus Partnerships for Health, https://www.ccphealth.org/
- Engagement Scholarship Consortium, https://engagementscholarship.org/
- Imagining America, https://imaginingamerica.org/
- Science Education for New Civic Engagements and Responsibilities, https://sencer.net/
- The Democracy Collaborative, https://democracycollaborative.org/
- International Association for Research on Service Learning and Community Engagement, http://www.researchslce.org/
Designations and Awards
In order to earn any of the following rewards, distinctions, awards, or classifications, an institution (i.e., applicant) must demonstrate systematic assessment activities-- tracking, monitoring, inquiry, evaluation, etc.-- throughout their application materials in order for them to be explicitly recognized for civic and/or community engagement.
- Carnegie’s Classification for Community Engagement in Higher Education, hosted by the Swearer Center at Brown University
- Information about the designation process can be found at https://www.brown.edu/swearer/carnegie
- The Innovation & Economic Prosperity University Award from the APLU: Information about this distinction can be found at https://www.aplu.org/projects-and-initiatives/economic-development-and-community-engagement/innovation-and-economic-prosperity-universities-designation-and-awards-program/award-winners.html
- NASPAS’s LEAD Initiative, https://www.naspa.org/constituent-groups/groups/lead-initiative
- Washington Monthly’s ranking for America’s Best Colleges for Student Voting in 2019, https://washingtonmonthly.com/magazine/september-october-2019/americas-best-colleges-for-student-voting-2019/
- Campus Compact and partners:
- Newman Civic Fellows Award, https://compact.org/newman-civic-fellowship/
- Thomas Ehrlich Civically Engaged Faculty Award, https://compact.org/impact-awards/thomas-ehrlich-civically-engaged-faculty-award/
- Ernest A. Lynton Award for the Scholarship of Engagement for Early Career Faculty, https://compact.org/impact-awards/ernest-a-lynton-award/
- At the state or regional level, there are various levels of recognizing a campus or its constituents (community partners, students, faculty, staff, and other leaders) for their commitment to community engagement. An example comes from Indiana Campus Compact, with more information found at their website, https://indianacampuscompact.org/awards/indiana-campus-compact-service-engagement-awards/
- Student Affairs Assessment Leaders
- Student Affairs Assessment Leaders (SAAL) provides the opportunity for educators that coordinate assessment for divisions of student affairs to discuss issues to improve their work. Our members lead assessment in divisions of student affairs at a variety of institutions across the U.S. The organization seeks to create an atmosphere where leaders can share and advance conversations related to creating division assessment infrastructure, supporting assessment projects, and documenting student learning as it relates to the academic mission.http://studentaffairsassessment.org/
- NASPA Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education
- Assessment, Evaluation, and Research Knowledge Community
- The NASPA Assessment, Evaluation, and Research Knowledge Community encourages and supports student affairs professionals as they assess learning, evaluate programs, and research theory and practice. By providing quality education and networking opportunities the KC strives to serve as a driving force in the movement towards improved student learning. https://www.naspa.org/constituent-groups/kcs/assessment-evaluation-and-research
- ACPA College Student Educators International
- Commission for Assessment and Evaluation
- The Commission for Assessment and Evaluation promotes assessment skills and knowledge to facilitate and support student learning, development, and effective student affairs practice. http://www.myacpa.org/commae
- The Association for Institutional Research
- The Association for Institutional Research (AIR) empowers higher education professionals to leverage data, analytics, information, and evidence to make decisions and take actions that benefit students and institutions and improve higher education. For over 50 years, AIR has been committed to building and sustaining strong data-informed decision cultures within higher education institutions.
- AIR supports the professional growth, skill development, and scholarship of professionals within institutional research and other related fields who fill a variety of critical roles, including institutional effectiveness, assessment, strategic planning, business intelligence, and more. https://www.airweb.org/
- Student Affairs Assessment and Research Conference
- The Student Affairs Assessment and Research Conference (SAARC) is a one-day drive-in conference that is ideal for student affairs practitioners, graduate students and other higher education professionals looking to exchange knowledge and ideas on research and assessment. SAARC is hosted by the Center for the Study of Student Life at The Ohio State University. https://cssl.osu.edu/assessment-conference
- Student Affairs Assessment Institute
- ACPA's Student Affairs Assessment Institute, sponsored by the Commission for Assessment and Evaluation, provides a guided, curricular experience where participants can develop essential assessment knowledge and skills for their professional toolkit. http://www.myacpa.org/events/assessment
- NASPA Assessment Persistence, and Data Analytics Conference
- The NASPA Assessment, Persistence, and Data Analytics Conference has been designed to address these important issues in assessment and persistence, as well as to provide a forum for experienced professionals to advance their skills by discussing assessment and persistence with practitioners and policy-makers. https://www.naspa.org/events/2019APC
- Assessment Institute in Indianapolis. (2019). Assessment institute in Indianapolis. Retrieved from https://assessmentinstitute.iupui.edu/
- AIR Forum is the world’s largest gathering of higher education professionals working in institutional research, effectiveness, planning, and related postsecondary education fields. https://www.airweb.org/collaborate-learn/conferences-events/air-forum
Selected Offices of Student Affairs Assessment
- Texas A&M University Department of Student Life Studies https://studentlifestudies.tamu.edu/
- Ohio State University Center for the Study of Student Life https://cssl.osu.edu/
- DePaul University https://offices.depaul.edu/student-affairs/about/assessment/Pages/default.aspx
- Western Michigan University https://wmich.edu/studentaffairs/planning
- Northwestern University https://www.northwestern.edu/studentaffairs/
- The University of Tennessee Knoxville https://dslassessment.utk.edu
- ACPA-College Student Educators International. (2006). ASK standards: Assessment skills and knowledge content standards for student affairs practitioners and scholars. Washington, DC: Author.
- ACPA-College Student Educators International & NASPA-Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education. (2010). Professional competency areas for student affairs practitioners. Washington, DC: Author.
- Henning, G. W., & Roberts, D. (2016). Student affairs assessment: Theory to practice. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.
- Schuh, J. H., Biddix, J. P., Dean, L. A., & Kinzie, J. (2016). Assessment in student affairs, 2nd San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass
- Schuh, J. H., & Gansemer-Topf, A. M. (2010, December). The Role of Student Affairs in Student Learning Assessment (NILOA Occasional Paper No.7). Urbana, IL: University of Illinois and Indiana University, National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment.
- Yousey-Elsener, K., Bentrim, E. M., & Henning, G. W. (Eds.) (2015). Coordinating student affairs divisional assessment: A practical guide. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.
CUREnet, the Course-based Undergraduate Research Experience Network. There is a lot of assessment data from STEM education at https://serc.carleton.edu/curenet/index.html
This is a link to a report referenced in the Graduate and Professional Education chapter: https://cgsnet.org/publication-pdf/4923/ArticulatingLearningOutcomesinDoctoralEducationWeb.pdf
- Two primary professional organizations in the US promote scholarly approaches to faculty development: International Consortium for Educational Development (ICED) http://icedonline.net/ and Professional and Organizational Development Network in Higher Education (POD) https://podnetwork.org/
- The Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education (STLHE) promotes faculty development with a focus on Canada. https://www.stlhe.ca/
- If your institution uses the Faculty Survey of Student Engagement (FSSE), it offers a series of questions about what types and how frequently faculty participate in professional development activities. These data could be helpful for campuses interested in assessing their faculty development efforts. http://fsse.indiana.edu/
- The American Council on Education (ACE) commissioned an edited report of strategies for assessing faculty development efforts on campuses. A PDF of the report, which includes many planning and how-to guides, is available at the ACE website: https://www.acenet.edu/Documents/Institutional-Commitment-to-Teaching-Excellence.pdf
- A quick blog post with six evidence-based principles for assessing faculty development programs from the Faculty Focus blog: https://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/faculty-development/six-principles-measuring-communicating-value-faculty-development-center/
- Hurney and colleagues’ Faculty Development Outcomes framework has been a particularly helpful tool for developing an evidence-based approaches to faculty development. This work can be found in the Journal of Faculty Development: https://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/nfp/jfd/2016/00000030/00000002/art00008
- Auburn University ePortfolio Project Rubric: http://wp.auburn.edu/writing/eportfolio-project/faculty-support/rubrics/
- ePortfolio HIP Taxonomy: https://rise.iupui.edu/resources/course-development/taxonomies/index.html
- ePortfolios: A Look at Where We've Been, Where We Are Now, and Where We're (Possibly) Going: https://www.aacu.org/publications-research/periodicals/e-portfolios-look-where-weve-been-where-we-are-now-and-where-were
- iRubric: https://www.rcampus.com/indexrubric.cfm
- IUPUI ePortfolio Vision, Mission, Values, and Strategies
- LaGuardia Community College ePortfolio Gallery: https://eportfolio.laguardia.edu/
- Olaf College Archived Web Portfolios: https://wp.stolaf.edu/cis/web-portfolios-archive/
- Introductory article on learning improvement: Fulcher, K. H., Good, M. R., Coleman, C. M., & Smith, K. L. (2014, December). A simple model for learning improvement: Weigh pig, feed pig, weigh pig. Occasional Paper #23. Champaign, IL: National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment https://learningoutcomesassessment.org/documents/Occasional_Paper_23.pdf
- Special Research Practice & Assessment Issue on Learning Improvement: http://www.rpajournal.com/flip-book/?post_id=3405
- Flip Book | RPA Journal » Flip Book | Journal of Research & Practice in Assessment rpajournal.com
- Research & Practice in Assessment is an online journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarly discussion between researchers and practitioners in the field of student learning outcomes assessment in higher education. It is dedicated to the advancement of scholarly discussions amongst researchers and practitioners in this evolving field.
- Learning Improvement Community (Higher Education Stories about Learning Improvement) https://www.learning-improvement.org/read-stories
- Program Theory Website at JMU: https://www.jmu.edu/assessment/sass/AC-step-two.shtml
- James Madison University - Assessment Program Creation & Mapping www.jmu.edu
Equity and Assessment: Moving Towards Culturally Responsive Assessment
Erick Montenegro and Natasha A. Jankowski
- Visit the following websites of Assessment Institute partners to learn about professional development and other resources to enhance understanding of assessment trends:
- Association for the Assessment of Learning in Higher Education (AALHE)
- Association for Authentic, Experiential, and Evidence-Based Learning (AAEEBL)
- Association for General and Liberal Studies (AGLS)
- Association for Institutional Research (AIR)
- Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U)
- Center for Postsecondary Research (CPR) / National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE)
- Higher Education Data Sharing Consortium (HEDS)